If it sticks around for more than just a couple of weeks, the chronic cough in adults should not be ignored because there are basically no situations in which it doesn’t signals a particular medical condition. Such situations are actually pretty frequent. According to most specialists, more than 40% of the individuals who don’t smoke in Europe present chronic cough. In fact, this condition is among the top five most common causes to see a doctor.
Asthma and allergies
One of the main causes of chronic cough in adults is the asthma. A general characteristic is that the episodes are more popular and intense during the night, as well as early mornings. Besides, the cough comes with a chest pressure sensation. The cause is actually the inflammation of the bronchi, which aggravates under a cold, intense physical exercises or constant exposure to harmful substances. When it comes to allergies, the sneezing is the most popular symptom, but the cough may also show up in some individuals.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
This is yet another one of the popular causes of chronic cough in adults, since the affection is defined by the inflammation and deterioration of the aerial ways. The organism also ends up with some excessive mucus and the only way to eliminate it is through cough. In most of the cases, the disease is caused by smoking and usually affects the smokers older than 45.
Aside from the chest burning sensation, the cough is a pretty common symptom of the gastric reflux disease. The disease shows up when the internal esophageal sphincter is not closing effectively. Therefore, the gastric content aims to get back through it. When the gastric acid reaches the esophagus, it irritates the mucus and this is what provokes the permanent coughing sensations.
Respiratory tract infections
Most frequently, the causes of chronic cough in adults represent particular infections of the respiratory tract. The cold or the flu come as the most solid samples. With all these, after most of the other symptoms get away, the cough might persist. If it goes on for more than two weeks, it is definitely a reason to worry, since the aerial ways are still swollen. The cause must be seriously investigated due to the risks of other infections. Whether it is a bacteria or the beginning of pneumonia, these things require immediate medical attention.
Finally, keep in mind that 20% of those who get medications for arterial hypertension may also experience a persistent cough.